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IMPORTANT HEALTH INFORMATION

Vaccinations and Prevention for travel to Central America:

Before traveling to Central America, make sure you are up to date with all the recommended vaccines. Ask about routine immunizations when talking to a health professional about your trip. At the same time, find out about the medicines you might need for your destination. Other important ways to stay healthy and avoid diseases:

  • Pregnant women should not travel to an area where there is a risk of Zika virus infection. The Zika virus is spread mainly by the bite of an infected mosquito of the Aedes species.
  • Pregnant women, even without symptoms, can pass the Zika virus to the developing fetus during pregnancy, or near the time of delivery. In addition, a person who is infected with the Zika virus can transmit it on to their sexual partners. There is no vaccine to prevent Zika virus infection.
  • Be careful what you eat and drink.
  • Insects (including mosquitoes, ticks and some flies) can transmit several diseases. Use insect repellent and protect yourself from insect bites.
  • Wash your hands often with soap and water or alcohol-based hand sanitizer.
    Do not touch animals, particularly monkeys, dogs and birds.

Recommended vaccines:

  • Yellow Fever. MANDATORY. Yellow fever virus is found in tropical and subtropical areas in South America and Africa. Find out if yellow fever vaccine is needed at your destination and plan ahead to get it.
  • Tetanus – Diphtheria – Whooping Cough. RECOMMENDED. Regardless of taking a trip.
  • Viral Triple (measles, rubella, mumps). RECOMMENDED. Regardless of taking a trip.
  • Hepatitis A. RECOMMENDED. Regardless of taking a trip.
  • Hepatitis B. RECOMMENDED IN SPECIAL SITUATIONS.
  • Typhoid Fever. RECOMMENDED IN SPECIAL SITUATIONS.
  • Rabies. RECOMMENDED IN SPECIAL SITUATIONS.
  • Flu. RECOMMENDED IN SPECIAL SITUATIONS.
  • Pneumococcal. RECOMMENDED IN SPECIAL SITUATIONS.

Hospitals

Here is a list of the most important hospitals in Central America.

Belize (Belize City)

Buttonwood Bay Medical Center

+ 501 223 1901

Belice (Belize City)

Karl Heusner Memorial Center

+ 501 223 1548

Costa Rica (San José)

Hospital Metropolitano

+ 506 2521 9595

Costa Rica (San José)

Hospital Cima San José

+ 506 2208 1000

El Salvador (San Salvador)

Hospital Paravida

+ 503 2231 4000

El Salvador (San Salvador)

Hospital Farela

+ 503 2225 2133

Guatemala (Guatemala)

Hospital Roosevelt

+ 502 2321 7400

Guatemala (Guatemala)

Hospital Los Ángeles

+ 502 2505 8100

Honduras (Tegucigalpa)

Honduras Medical Center

+ 504 2280 1500

Honduras (San Pedro Sula)

Hospital del Valle

+ 504 2527 8400

Nicaragua (Managua)

Hospital Metropolitano

+ 505 8855 6900

Nicaragua (Managua)

Hospital Bautista

+ 505 2264 9020

Panamá (Panamá)

Hospital San Fernando

+ 507 305 6300

Panamá (Panamá)

Hospital Nacional

+ 507 207 8100

Central America
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